Environmental & Social Management


Environmental and social impact and risk assessment and management is a key project obligation and commitment. The Project obligation exists formally in order to meet the requirements of Mozambican environmental regulations, the Anadarko Management System (AMS) and relevant international environmental and social standards. Less formally but by no means less important, the Project recognizes the importance of environmental and social impact and risk management as an integral aspect of being ‘good neighbours’ on the Afungi Peninsula, Palma District and Cabo Delgado Province and in this sense is committed to ensuring the appropriate design, implementation and continuous monitoring of its environmental and social management plans. 

Environmental, Social and Health Impact Assessment (ESHIA)

This Environmental, Social and Health Impact Assessment (ESHIA) Executive Summary and Update provides an overview of the various environmental, social, and health studies that comprise the ESHIA for the Project.  It summarises the various reports that were submitted in support of attaining environmental licenses, the various environmental and social support studies, and the Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) for the Project.  In particular, focus has been on ensuring that the range of studies, from the LNG Project Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) onwards, and demonstrates alignment with the International Finance Corporation (IFC) Performance Standards and Equator Principles.  It outlines how the Project has evaluated the potential environmental and social risks associated with the construction and operation of the Project and the measures to avoid, minimise and mitigates those impacts and risks.


Download the ESHIA Executive Summary

Environmental Impact Assessment

Mozambique LNG will be developed in a location with no existing industrial development. The project realizes that an LNG development of this scale at this particular location requires great care and a dedicated commitment to avoid, mitigate and manage negative, and optimize positive environmental and social impacts that may result from the project’s development. To assess the extent of potential environmental, social and health impacts that need to be managed during construction and operation, the project conducted a comprehensive Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) between 2011 and 2014. The EIA concluded when the Ministry of Coordination of Environmental Affairs (MICOA) approved the final EIA Report on June 20, 2014.

Download the EIA.

Environmental & Social Management

The conclusion of the EIA led into the development of an Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP). The ESMP consists of a program of measures and actions to manage project-related environmental, social and health risks and impacts on the Afungi peninsula and wider host environment, specifically during the construction phase of the project. The ESMP also outlines practical and measurable ways in which to enhance positive impacts and opportunities associated with project development. Collectively, the ESMP articulates the project’s approach to environmental and social performance management.

The ESMP is being developed in line with Mozambican regulatory requirements as well as industry best practice performance expectations, standards and guidelines. Some of the relevant industry best practice performance expectations, standards and guidelines includes the International Finance Corporation (IFC) Environmental and Social Performance Standards (2012), Equator Principles (2013), UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (2011) and the global oil and natural gas industry association for environmental and social issues, IPIECA, industry guidelines.

Biodiversity Management

The Mozambique LNG Project is planned to be implemented onshore of the Rovuma Basin, in Palma District, Cabo Delgado Province. The Project is expected transform the local and country economy, bringing about significant improvements in people’s lives and livelihoods.

The Project recognizes biodiversity as one of the pillars of sustainable development and is committed to design, construct and operate the project in a sustainable manner that values the health, socio-economic and environmental contributions of biodiversity, thereby contributing to the maintenance of diverse ecosystem services within the region.

Extensive baseline ecological studies detailing the terrestrial (onshore) and marine (offshore) existing environments were undertaken to inform the siting of the project with many areas being excluded due to considerably high biodiversity value. Further, where able, Project infrastructure has been altered to avoid sensitive areas (e.g. pipeline corridor and/or routes) and certain areas within the onshore project areas have been classified as ‘no build zones.’ The final Project site selected was found to be an area that has experienced significant anthropogenic modification, to the extent that most of it was depleted of natural habitat features thereby avoiding large tracts of dryland forest and coastal wetlands, a predominant feature of the coastal region of northern Mozambique.

The Mozambique LNG Project’s biodiversity strategy is to promote the sustainable management and use of natural living resources in the area in which the Project will operate. The following objectives have been identified as a priority to meet this goal: 

  • Outline the Project’s commitment to biodiversity and ecosystem services management and conservation;
  • Apply the mitigation hierarchy in Project activities to reduce adverse impacts on biodiversity;
  • Integrate environmental and social monitoring protocols to assess priority biodiversity features and safeguard community needs;
  • Engage relevant stakeholders in the management of biodiversity and natural resources; and
  • Evaluate opportunities to align with relevant third-party regional biodiversity initiatives.

The figure below presents the Project’s overall framework for managing biodiversity risks under the International Finance Corporation (IFC) Performance Standard (PS) 6 (including ecosystem services), applicable Mozambican regulations and industry best practice, highlighting key outputs that will be developed associated with the Project development phases.