Environmental & Social Management
The Mozambique LNG Project is planned to be implemented onshore of the Rovuma Basin, in Palma District, Cabo Delgado Province. The Project is expected transform the local and country economy, bringing about significant improvements in people’s lives and livelihoods.
The Project recognizes biodiversity as one of the pillars of sustainable development and is committed to design, construct and operate the project in a sustainable manner that values the health, socio-economic and environmental contributions of biodiversity, thereby contributing to the maintenance of diverse ecosystem services within the region.
Extensive baseline ecological studies detailing the terrestrial (onshore) and marine (offshore) existing environments were undertaken to inform the siting of the project with many areas being excluded due to considerably high biodiversity value. Further, where able, Project infrastructure has been altered to avoid sensitive areas (e.g. pipeline corridor and/or routes) and certain areas within the onshore project areas have been classified as ‘no build zones.’ The final Project site selected was found to be an area that has experienced significant anthropogenic modification, to the extent that most of it was depleted of natural habitat features thereby avoiding large tracts of dryland forest and coastal wetlands, a predominant feature of the coastal region of northern Mozambique.
The Mozambique LNG Project’s biodiversity strategy is to promote the sustainable management and use of natural living resources in the area in which the Project will operate. The following objectives have been identified as a priority to meet this goal:
- Outline the Project’s commitment to biodiversity and ecosystem services management and conservation;
- Apply the mitigation hierarchy in Project activities to reduce adverse impacts on biodiversity;
- Integrate environmental and social monitoring protocols to assess priority biodiversity features and safeguard community needs;
- Engage relevant stakeholders in the management of biodiversity and natural resources; and
- Evaluate opportunities to align with relevant third-party regional biodiversity initiatives.
The figure below presents the Project’s overall framework for managing biodiversity risks under the International Finance Corporation (IFC) Performance Standard (PS) 6 (including ecosystem services), applicable Mozambican regulations and industry best practice, highlighting key outputs that will be developed associated with the Project development phases.