The resettlement process has two phases: the planning phase and the implementation phase.
Key Activities Undertaken in the Project Area During the Planning Phase
- Village meetings, during which project and District Government representatives visit and consult with Afungi villages in preparation of the resettlement process and activities.
- A census in Afungi villages to establish the number of people and households that will potentially be affected by the resettlement process.
- An asset survey to count, measure and record all the houses, machambas, crops, fruit trees, village structures and other assets that will potentially be affected by project activities.
- Electing Community Resettlement Committees (CRCs) from representatives of the affected communities (including leaders, women, young people, farmers, fishers, civil society organizations), the District Government and the project. The committees receive training to enable them to assist and advise the resettlement team throughout the entire resettlement process.
- Assessment of potential resettlement area(s) to make sure communities can continue to make a living in the same way as they did before they were resettled.
- Planning and designing resettlement area(s), informed by studies to make sure the areas are suitable for planting crops, for access to fishing, for access to forests, that there is enough water, and to make sure people who are moved will be able to reinstate and restore their living and means of livelihood. Communities will participate in the design and layout of the houses and community spaces to be constructed in the new area(s) they will be moved to.
- An agricultural and fisheries livelihood restoration plan, among other plans, will be developed in consultation with affected communities and the CRCs. The plans will initiate programs and activities that will assist people to restore their livelihoods before, during and after they have been resettled.
After the resettlement planning activities have been completed, a Resettlement Plan will be prepared and submitted to the Government of Mozambique for approval. This marks the end of the planning phase.
The resettlement implementation phase starts with the approval of the Resettlement Plan by the Government of Mozambique.
Key Steps of the Implementation Phase
- Signing of household agreements that state exactly what affected families or individuals will receive, for example a new house to replace the previous house, a new machamba to replace the previous machamba, or compensation and other forms of assistance and livelihood restoration.
- Building of resettlement village(s), as agreed in the Resettlement Plan.
- Implementation of livelihood restoration programs, to ensure affected households’ livelihoods are restored through appropriate livelihood restoration strategies.
- Physical resettlement of affected families from Afungi to new village(s).
- Independent monitoring of activities to evaluate the success of the resettlement process and activities.